Republic of Turkey, in the first three articles of the constitution has been defined as;
- The State of Turkey is a Republic.
- The Republic of Turkey is a democratic, secular and social state governed by rule of law, within the notions of public peace, national solidarity and justice, respecting human rights, loyal to the nationalism of Atatürk, and based on the fundamental tenets set forth in the preamble.
- The State of Turkey, with its territory and nation, is an indivisible entity. Its language is Turkish. Its flag, the form of which is prescribed by the relevant law, is composed of a white crescent and star on a red background. Its national anthem is the “Independence March”. Its capital is Ankara.
10 Interesting Facts About Turkey
Turkey is a bridge between Asia and Europe
Turkey, connects the Asian and European continents due to its geographical location with Bosphorus and Dardanelles Straits. This connection is provided by 3 bridges in Istanbul.
Four Seasons At The Same Time
Turkey is a country surrounded by sea on three sides; Black Sea, Marmara Sea, Aegean Sea. Turkey has a coastline of over 7,000 kilometers. In contrast, continental climate is observed in the inner and eastern regions. In April, your friend in Kayseri may be skiing in Erciyes Ski Center while you swim in Antalya and enjoy the sun.
Istanbul, A City of 15 Million People
Turkey’s largest city, Istanbul, with 15 million inhabitants, is one of the world’s 20 most populous cities. Turkey currently has a population of about 80 million, where one out of every 19 people live in Istanbul. Istanbul, which dates back to 3000 years ago, has always been regarded as one of the most important regions of the world, especially for the Byzantine and Ottoman Empire.
Istanbul is the center of Turkey in the areas of finance, education, culture, arts, sports and the media. Mosques and palaces dating back to the Ottoman Period, Galata Tower built by Byzantine Emperor Anastasius in 528, and the Grand Bazaar built built in 1460 by Fatih Sultan Mehmet are the places to be seen in Istanbul.
The World’s Biggest Airport is in Turkey
The third airport in Istanbul is be the world’s largest airport with an annual capacity of 150 million passengers.
17 Historical Buildings in UNESCO World Heritage Site
There are 17 historic buildings and ruins from Turkey in UNESCO’s World Heritage list. The ancient city of Ephesus, Mount Nemrut, Cappadocia fascinate the visitors by the natural and historic buildings attracts many visitors from different regions of Turkey. Anatolia, which has hosted many civilizations since prehistoric times, is a place that can offer its visitors a full experience in every sense.
Football is of Great Interest
Many sports are done professionally in Turkey. However, basketball and especially football is very popular among the Turkish people. Galatasaray, Fenerbahce and Besiktas are the most popular teams.
Turkey Has an Extraordinary Culinary Culture
Turkish cuisine is rich in meat, vegetables and pastry. You should not say “I visited Turkey” unless you eat Raw meat, minced meat filling, ravioli, stuffed grape leaves and künefe.
Father Christmas is originally from Turkey
St. Nicholas, Santa Claus, was born in the ancient city of Patara in Antalya. There is also the House of Virgin Mary in the ancient city of Ephesus. Many figures in the Bible, including St. Paul, lived in Anatolia. Hz. Ibrahim lived in the city of Sanliurfa, and it is thought that Noah’s Ark was on Mount Ararat.
Agriculture Started in Anatolia
According to historians, the first agricultural activities in the world started 11.000 years ago in Çatalhöyük, Konya. It is understood that the people of that period used foods such as wheat and barley in their dishes.
Turkish TV Series and Films Are of Interest of the World
Turkey captured series of films in the last 20 years and they have great popularity worldwide. Especially, we can accept Nuri Bilge Ceylan as the most important director of the country, who has received the Golden Palm at the Cannes Film Festival. Turkish films gain appreciation from millions of people from the Balkans to South America, the Middle East to Central Asia.